Next Article in Journal
Mirror Symmetry Breaking in Helical Polysilanes: Preference between Left and Right of Chemical and Physical Origin
Next Article in Special Issue
Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood
Previous Article in Journal
Chemical Reasoning Based on an Invariance Property: Bond and Lone Pair Pictures in Quantum Structural Formulas
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Relationships between Symmetry and Attractiveness and Mating Relevant Decisions and Behavior: A Review
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Symmetry 2010, 2(3), 1591-1624;

Asymmetry, Symmetry and Beauty

Chicago Center for Creative Development, 2800 N. Lakeview, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 June 2010 / Revised: 10 July 2010 / Accepted: 16 July 2010 / Published: 30 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry and Beauty)
Download PDF [2105 KB, uploaded 2 August 2010]


Asymmetry and symmetry coexist in natural and human processes. The vital role of symmetry in art has been well demonstrated. This article highlights the complementary role of asymmetry. Further we show that the interaction of asymmetric action (recursion) and symmetric opposition (sinusoidal waves) are instrumental in generating creative features (relatively low entropy, temporal complexity, novelty (less recurrence in the data than in randomized copies and complex frequency composition). These features define Bios, a pattern found in musical compositions and in poetry, except for recurrence instead of novelty. Bios is a common pattern in many natural and human processes (quantum processes, the expansion of the universe, gravitational waves, cosmic microwave background radiation, DNA, physiological processes, animal and human populations, and economic time series). The reduction in entropy is significant, as it reveals creativity and contradicts the standard claim of unavoidable decay towards disorder. Artistic creations capture fundamental features of the world.
Keywords: poetry; music; bios; chaos; creativity poetry; music; bios; chaos; creativity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sabelli, H.; Lawandow, A.; Kopra, A.R. Asymmetry, Symmetry and Beauty. Symmetry 2010, 2, 1591-1624.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Symmetry EISSN 2073-8994 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top