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Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood
Laboratorio di Anatomia Funzionale dell’Apparato Stomatognatico, Dipartimento di Morfologia Umana e Scienze Biomediche “Città Studi”, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
Dental, Oral, and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, Section of Orthodontics, University Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2010; Accepted: 19 October 2010 / Published: 9 November 2010
Abstract: We are currently investigating measurable esthetic characteristics in persons considered “attractive” by the media. Three-dimensional soft-tissue facial asymmetry was quantified in 380 attractive (148 males, 232 females) and 669 control (397 males, 272 females) healthy persons aged 4–30 years. The coordinates of 50 facial landmarks were collected by a computerized digitizer, and asymmetry computed. Soft-tissue facial asymmetries reduced as a function of age in all cases. Attractive children were more symmetric than control children, but the reverse was true for young adults. The effect of symmetry on attractiveness seems to change as a function of age.
Keywords: attractiveness; face; symmetry; three-dimensional
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sforza, C.; Laino, A.; Grandi, G.; Pisoni, L.; Ferrario, V.F. Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood. Symmetry 2010, 2, 1925-1944.
Sforza C, Laino A, Grandi G, Pisoni L, Ferrario VF. Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood. Symmetry. 2010; 2(4):1925-1944.
Sforza, Chiarella; Laino, Alberto; Grandi, Gaia; Pisoni, Luca; Ferrario, Virgilio Ferruccio. 2010. "Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood." Symmetry 2, no. 4: 1925-1944.