Symmetry 2010, 2(4), 1925-1944; doi:10.3390/sym2041925
Article

Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood

Received: 1 October 2010; Accepted: 19 October 2010 / Published: 9 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry and Beauty)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We are currently investigating measurable esthetic characteristics in persons considered “attractive” by the media. Three-dimensional soft-tissue facial asymmetry was quantified in 380 attractive (148 males, 232 females) and 669 control (397 males, 272 females) healthy persons aged 4–30 years. The coordinates of 50 facial landmarks were collected by a computerized digitizer, and asymmetry computed. Soft-tissue facial asymmetries reduced as a function of age in all cases. Attractive children were more symmetric than control children, but the reverse was true for young adults. The effect of symmetry on attractiveness seems to change as a function of age.
Keywords: attractiveness; face; symmetry; three-dimensional
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sforza, C.; Laino, A.; Grandi, G.; Pisoni, L.; Ferrario, V.F. Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood. Symmetry 2010, 2, 1925-1944.

AMA Style

Sforza C, Laino A, Grandi G, Pisoni L, Ferrario VF. Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood. Symmetry. 2010; 2(4):1925-1944.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sforza, Chiarella; Laino, Alberto; Grandi, Gaia; Pisoni, Luca; Ferrario, Virgilio Ferruccio. 2010. "Three-Dimensional Facial Asymmetry in Attractive and Normal People from Childhood to Young Adulthood." Symmetry 2, no. 4: 1925-1944.

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