Tumor-Directed Blockade of CD47 with Bispecific Antibodies Induces Adaptive Antitumor Immunity
AbstractCD47 serves as an anti-phagocytic receptor that is upregulated by cancer to promote immune escape. As such, CD47 is the focus of intense immuno-oncology drug development efforts. However, as CD47 is expressed ubiquitously, clinical development of conventional drugs, e.g., monoclonal antibodies, is confronted with patient safety issues and poor pharmacology due to the widespread CD47 “antigen sink”. A potential solution is tumor-directed blockade of CD47, which can be achieved with bispecific antibodies (biAbs). Using mouse CD47-blocking biAbs in a syngeneic tumor model allowed us to evaluate the efficacy of tumor-directed blockade of CD47 in the presence of the CD47 antigen sink and a functional adaptive immune system. We show here that CD47-targeting biAbs inhibited tumor growth in vivo, promoting durable antitumor responses and stimulating CD8+ T cell activation in vitro. In vivo efficacy of the biAbs could be further enhanced when combined with chemotherapy or PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint blockade. We also show that selectivity and pharmacological properties of the biAb are dependent on the affinity of the anti-CD47 arm. Taken together, our study validates the approach to use CD47-blocking biAbs either as a monotherapy or part of a multi-drug approach to enhance antitumor immunity. View Full-Text
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Dheilly, E.; Majocchi, S.; Moine, V.; Didelot, G.; Broyer, L.; Calloud, S.; Malinge, P.; Chatel, L.; Ferlin, W.G.; Kosco-Vilbois, M.H.; Fischer, N.; Masternak, K. Tumor-Directed Blockade of CD47 with Bispecific Antibodies Induces Adaptive Antitumor Immunity. Antibodies 2018, 7, 3.
Dheilly E, Majocchi S, Moine V, Didelot G, Broyer L, Calloud S, Malinge P, Chatel L, Ferlin WG, Kosco-Vilbois MH, Fischer N, Masternak K. Tumor-Directed Blockade of CD47 with Bispecific Antibodies Induces Adaptive Antitumor Immunity. Antibodies. 2018; 7(1):3.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dheilly, Elie; Majocchi, Stefano; Moine, Valéry; Didelot, Gérard; Broyer, Lucile; Calloud, Sébastien; Malinge, Pauline; Chatel, Laurence; Ferlin, Walter G.; Kosco-Vilbois, Marie H.; Fischer, Nicolas; Masternak, Krzysztof. 2018. "Tumor-Directed Blockade of CD47 with Bispecific Antibodies Induces Adaptive Antitumor Immunity." Antibodies 7, no. 1: 3.
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