Pairing Alpaca and Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies to Enhance Immunoassays for Ricin
AbstractPreviously, our group isolated and evaluated anti-ricin single domain antibodies (sdAbs) derived from llamas, engineered them to further increase their thermal stability, and utilized them for the development of sensitive immunoassays. In work focused on the development of therapeutics, Vance et al. 2013 described anti-ricin sdAbs derived from alpacas. Herein, we evaluated the utility of selected alpaca-derived anti-ricin sdAbs for detection applications, and engineered an alpaca-derived sdAb to increase its melting temperature, providing a highly thermal stable reagent for use in ricin detection. Four of the alpaca-derived anti-ricin A-chain sdAbs were produced and characterized. All four bound to epitopes that overlapped with our previously described llama sdAbs. One alpaca sdAb, F6, was found to possess both a high melting temperature (73 °C) and to work optimally with a thermally stable llama anti-ricin sdAb in sandwich assays for ricin detection. We employed a combination of consensus sequence mutagenesis and the addition of a non-canonical disulfide bond to further enhance the thermal stability of F6 to 85 °C. It is advantageous to have a choice of recognition reagents when developing assays. This work resulted in defining an additional pair of highly thermal stable sdAbs for the sensitive detection of ricin. View Full-Text
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Turner, K.B.; Hardy, S.; Liu, J.L.; Zabetakis, D.; Lee, P.A.B.; Goldman, E.R.; Anderson, G.P. Pairing Alpaca and Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies to Enhance Immunoassays for Ricin. Antibodies 2017, 6, 3.
Turner KB, Hardy S, Liu JL, Zabetakis D, Lee PAB, Goldman ER, Anderson GP. Pairing Alpaca and Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies to Enhance Immunoassays for Ricin. Antibodies. 2017; 6(1):3.Chicago/Turabian Style
Turner, Kendrick B.; Hardy, Sabrina; Liu, Jinny L.; Zabetakis, Dan; Lee, P. A.B.; Goldman, Ellen R.; Anderson, George P. 2017. "Pairing Alpaca and Llama-Derived Single Domain Antibodies to Enhance Immunoassays for Ricin." Antibodies 6, no. 1: 3.
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