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Selection and Characterization of Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Bacillus anthracis Spore Proteins
Naval Research Laboratory, Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering, Washington, DC 20375, USA
Nova Research Inc., Alexandria, VA 22308, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2013; in revised form: 28 February 2013 / Accepted: 7 March 2013 / Published: 15 March 2013
Abstract: To obtain thermostable immunoreagents specific for the spore form of Bacillus anthracis two llamas were immunized with a combination of six different recombinant proteins. These proteins BclA, gerQ, SODA1, SOD15, BxpB and the protein p5303 have all been shown as components of the B. anthracis spore and could potentially serve as targets for the detection of spores in multiplexed biosensors. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were used to construct a phage display library from which single domain antibodies (sdAbs) targeting each of the proteins were isolated. Unique sdAbs exhibiting nanomolar or better affinities for the recombinant proteins were obtained and most of the isolated sdAbs retained their ability to bind antigen after cycles of heating as determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). SdAbs targeting the BclA and gerQ proteins were able to successfully detect bacterial spores, whether broken or intact, using a direct ELISA; the sdAbs were specific, showing binding only to B. anthracis spores and not to other Bacillus species. Additionally, SODA1 and p5303 binding sdAbs detected spores in sandwich assays serving as both captures and tracers. Used in combination, sdAbs targeting B. anthracis proteins could be integrated into emerging biosensors to improve specificity in multiplex assays.
Keywords: single domain antibodies; Bacillus anthracis; phage display; biopanning; MAGPIX
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MDPI and ACS Style
Walper, S.A.; Lee, P.A.B.; Anderson, G.P.; Goldman, E.R. Selection and Characterization of Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Bacillus anthracis Spore Proteins. Antibodies 2013, 2, 152-167.
Walper SA, Lee PAB, Anderson GP, Goldman ER. Selection and Characterization of Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Bacillus anthracis Spore Proteins. Antibodies. 2013; 2(1):152-167.
Walper, Scott A.; Lee, P. A.B.; Anderson, George P.; Goldman, Ellen R. 2013. "Selection and Characterization of Single Domain Antibodies Specific for Bacillus anthracis Spore Proteins." Antibodies 2, no. 1: 152-167.