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Land 2014, 3(1), 342-350; doi:10.3390/land3010342
Urban Landscape Perspectives
Received: 29 January 2014; in revised form: 10 March 2014 / Accepted: 11 March 2014 / Published: 17 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape Perspectives on Environmental Conservation)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Cities present significant opportunities for new landscape perspectives that can help inform conservation and development decisions. Early in the twenty-first century, the majority of the planet’s population became urban as more people lived in city-regions for the first time in our history. As the global population increases, so does this urbanization. The environmental challenges of population and urban growth are profound. Landscapes represent a synthesis of natural and cultural processes. Cities are certainly cultural phenomena. Historically, cities provided refuge from nature. The expanding field of urban ecology, coupled with landscape ecology, can enhance how the dual natural and cultural dimensions of landscapes in cities are understood. Furthermore, concepts such as ecosystem services and green infrastructure are proving useful for urban landscape planning and design. Examples from Dayton, Ohio; Brooklyn, New York; and Austin, Texas are presented.
Keywords: urban landscape; urban ecology; Miami Valley; Dayton, Ohio; Gowanus Canal; Sponge Park; Brooklyn, New York; Waller Creek; Austin, Texas