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Water 2017, 9(9), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9090636

Comparative Study on Influences of Bank Slope Ecological Revetments on Water Quality Purification Pretreating Low-Polluted Waters

1
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Shanghai SMI Raw Water Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200125, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2017 / Revised: 4 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 24 August 2017
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Abstract

To improve aquatic environmental quality and maintain channel stability against soil erosion, ecological bank slope revetments for surface water bodies were developed using a combination of prefabricated porous concrete spheres and vegetation methods, and a model set-up consisting of two equal-sized ditches with different types of bank slope revetments was constructed to evaluate the purification effects of ecological and hard revetments on water quality. The slope of one ditch was embanked with ecological revetments as an experimental treatment, while the other was embanked with hard revetments as a control. Pollutant removal from the ecological bank revetment ditch was significantly better in terms of the overall removal efficiencies of the chemical oxygen demand of manganese (CODMn), ammonia, total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP), with two- to four-fold greater removal compared with that from hard slope revetments under the same operational conditions. Nutrient pollutants, including ammonia, TN, and TP had higher removal efficiencies than that for CODMn in both experimental ditches. The dependence of the first-order rate constant (k20) and temperature coefficient () obtained from the Arrhenius equation indicated that the removal efficiencies for ammonia, TN, and TP were higher with greater rate constants (k20) in the experimental ditch. In the ecological revetment ditch, the k20 values for CODMn, ammonia, TN, and TP were 0.054, 0.378, 0.222, and 0.266 respectively, around three-fold the values observed in the hard revetment ditch, but there was no obvious difference in values between the two ditches. The k20 values of TN and TP in both ditches showed significant positive correlations with seasonal shifts, as the removal of nutrient pollutants is highly sensitive to water temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: river restoration; water quality purification; bank slope ecological revetment; porous concrete; low polluted water river restoration; water quality purification; bank slope ecological revetment; porous concrete; low polluted water
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Wu, Y.; Dai, H.; Wu, J. Comparative Study on Influences of Bank Slope Ecological Revetments on Water Quality Purification Pretreating Low-Polluted Waters. Water 2017, 9, 636.

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