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Water 2017, 9(8), 601; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080601

Sediment-Water Methane Flux in a Eutrophic Pond and Primary Influential Factors at Different Time Scales

1
Circular Agriculture Research Center, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing 210014, China
2
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing 210014, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 June 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 10 August 2017 / Published: 14 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eutrophication of Waterways: An Old Problem with Modern Consequences)
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Abstract

Water bodies are major areas for methane release. Eutrophic water bodies may promote methane flux. The sediment-water interface is the major location for methane release, and studies on sediment-water interactions are necessary to regulate methane release in water. However, relevant studies on methane flux at the sediment-water interface are limited due to methodological difficulties. Using an innovative gas trapping device, this study investigated the seasonal characteristics and diel variation in summer methane flux from eutrophic water bodies and analyzed the correlations between temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), different forms of nitrogen and the methane flux at different time scales. The results showed that methane flux in the eutrophic pond was high and had distinct seasonal variations and diel variations: the average value was 2.81 ± 0.19 mmol m−2 h−1 in summer, which was significantly greater than that in spring (0.62 ± 0.14 mmol m−2 h−1), autumn (0.63 ± 0.10 mmol m−2 h−1) (p < 0.01) and winter (approached zero). The diel characteristics of methane flux in summer exhibited a unimodal pattern of increase at night and decrease during the day. The correlation analysis showed that the sediment-water methane flux rate of the water body was significantly positively correlated with the temperature and NH4+ concentration and significantly negatively correlated with DO, NO3 and NO2 concentration. Meanwhile, among different time scales, the correlations between NO3/NH4+ concentration and methane flux were the highest at the diel scale in summer (R2 = 0.68, 0.87 respectively) when the temperature and DO vibration was low and the relationship between temperature/DO and methane flux was poor (R2 = 0.45, 0.87 respectively). This study considered that higher NH4+-N and lower NO3-N/NO2-N content in eutrophic water could have an effect on the high methane flux in summer as well as the low dissolved oxygen content. View Full-Text
Keywords: different period; influencing factors; methane flux; eutrophic pond different period; influencing factors; methane flux; eutrophic pond
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Liu, X.; Gao, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Luo, J.; Yan, S. Sediment-Water Methane Flux in a Eutrophic Pond and Primary Influential Factors at Different Time Scales. Water 2017, 9, 601.

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