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Water 2017, 9(8), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080586

Wastewater Management Efficiency and Determinant Factors in the Chinese Industrial Sector from 2004 to 2014

1
Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan
2
Urban Institute & Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 5 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Water Policy Collection)
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Abstract

This study analyzes industrial wastewater management efficiency using a Chinese provincial dataset from 2004 to 2014. The weighted Russell directional distance model is used to evaluate the efficiency of management practices. Determinants analysis was conducted based on governmental policy, pollution abatement, and market factors to identify the main drivers of industrial wastewater management efficiency in China. The results indicate that the wastewater management efficiency improved in the eastern and central regions. However, there is a significant efficiency gap between provinces in the western region. Moreover, the main determinants of wastewater management efficiency differ among regions and pollutants. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial wastewater management; weighted Russell directional distance model; chemical oxygen demand; ammonia nitrogen; China industrial wastewater management; weighted Russell directional distance model; chemical oxygen demand; ammonia nitrogen; China
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fujii, H.; Managi, S. Wastewater Management Efficiency and Determinant Factors in the Chinese Industrial Sector from 2004 to 2014. Water 2017, 9, 586.

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