Next Article in Journal
RIVICE—A Non-Proprietary, Open-Source, One-Dimensional River-Ice Model
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluating Flood Exposure for Properties in Urban Areas Using a Multivariate Modelling Technique
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(5), 319; doi:10.3390/w9050319

The Relationship between Effective and Equitable Water Allocation, Local Rice Farmer Participation and Economic Well-Being: Insights from Thailand’s Chiang Mai Province

Agribusiness Management, Agricultural Systems and Engineering, School of Environment, Resources and Development Asian Institute of Technology, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Davide Viaggi
Received: 25 January 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 25 April 2017 / Published: 2 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2824 KB, uploaded 16 May 2017]   |  


This research investigates the relationship between equitable water allocation, participation in the local irrigation operation, and improved economic well-being. The study area consisted of the rice-growing districts of Doi Saket and Mae On in Thailand’s northern province Chiang Mai, where locals have adopted a participatory farmer-managed irrigation system. The samples were 150 small-scale rice farmers who were divided into four groups by their membership: community irrigation (CI); community irrigation and enterprise (CIE); and farmland location (head-end or tail-end of the irrigation canal). The findings revealed a strong relationship between the three variables. Specifically, despite less advantageous farmland locations, the tail-end CI farmers outperformed in the dry-season and annual paddy yields per household. The higher paddy yields translated into higher household earnings. The improved economic well-being of the tail-end CI farmers could be attributed to their active participation in the local irrigation operation. Another contributing factor was equitable water allocation, which is the product of the farmers’ active participation as their irrigation demands and concerns are constantly acknowledged and addressed. Importantly, the findings verified the effectiveness and usability of the participatory irrigation system in tackling the problem of inequitable water allocation between the head-end and tail-end farmers. Moreover, the participatory irrigation scheme was readily implementable since it required no additional investment, only active local participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: community irrigation; community enterprise; equity; paddy; Thailand community irrigation; community enterprise; equity; paddy; Thailand

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kosanlawit, S.; Soni, P.; Shivakoti, G.P. The Relationship between Effective and Equitable Water Allocation, Local Rice Farmer Participation and Economic Well-Being: Insights from Thailand’s Chiang Mai Province. Water 2017, 9, 319.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top