Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Wastewater by Intermittent Electrocoagulation
AbstractThe continuous release of emerging contaminants (ECs) in the aquatic environment, as a result of the inadequate removal by conventional treatment methods, has prompted research to explore viable solutions to this rising global problem. One promising alternative is the use of electrochemical processes since they represent a simple and highly efficient technology with less footprint. In this paper, the feasibility of treating ECs (i.e., pharmaceuticals) using an intermittent electrocoagulation process, a known electrochemical technology, has been investigated. Diclofenac (DCF), carbamazepine (CBZ) and amoxicillin (AMX) were chosen as being representative of highly consumed drugs that are frequently detected in our water resources and were added in synthetic municipal wastewater. The removal efficiencies of both individual and combined pharmaceuticals were determined under different experimental conditions: hydraulic retention time (HRT) (6, 19 and 38 h), initial concentration (0.01, 4 and 10 mg/L) and intermittent application (5 min ON/20 min OFF) of current density (0.5, 1.15 and 1.8 mA/cm2). Results have shown that these parameters have significant effects on pharmaceutical degradation. Maximum removals (DCF = 90%, CBZ = 70% and AMX = 77%) were obtained at a current density of 0.5 mA/cm2, an initial concentration of 10 mg/L and HRT of 38 h. View Full-Text
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Ensano, B.M.B.; Borea, L.; Naddeo, V.; Belgiorno, V.; de Luna, M.D.G.; Ballesteros, F.C. Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Wastewater by Intermittent Electrocoagulation. Water 2017, 9, 85.
Ensano BMB, Borea L, Naddeo V, Belgiorno V, de Luna MDG, Ballesteros FC. Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Wastewater by Intermittent Electrocoagulation. Water. 2017; 9(2):85.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ensano, Benny M.B.; Borea, Laura; Naddeo, Vincenzo; Belgiorno, Vincenzo; de Luna, Mark D.G.; Ballesteros, Florencio C. 2017. "Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Wastewater by Intermittent Electrocoagulation." Water 9, no. 2: 85.
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