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Water 2017, 9(10), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100809

The Spatial and Temporal Structure of Extreme Rainfall Trends in South Korea

School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
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Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 19 October 2017 / Published: 22 October 2017
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Abstract

The spatial and temporal structures of extreme rainfall trends in South Korea are investigated in the current study. The trends in the annual maximum rainfall series are detected and their spatial distribution is analyzed. The scaling exponent is employed as an index representing the temporal structure. The temporal structure of the annual maximum series is calculated and spatially analyzed. Subsequently, the block bootstrap based Mann-Kendall test is employed detect the trend in the scaling exponent series subsampled by the annual maximum rainfalls using a moving window. Significant trends are detected in a small number of stations and there are no significant trends in many stations for the annual maximum rainfall series. There is a large variability in the temporal structures of the extreme rainfall events. Additionally, the variations of the scaling exponent estimates for each month within a rainy season are larger than the variation of the scaling exponent estimates on an annual basis. Significant trends in the temporal structures are observed at many stations unlike the trend test results of annual maximum rainfall series. Decreasing trends are observed at many stations located in the coastal area, while increasing trends are observed in the inland area. View Full-Text
Keywords: trend analysis; temporal structure; extreme rainfalls; scaling exponent; block bootstrap based Mann-Kendall test trend analysis; temporal structure; extreme rainfalls; scaling exponent; block bootstrap based Mann-Kendall test
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Jung, Y.; Shin, J.-Y.; Ahn, H.; Heo, J.-H. The Spatial and Temporal Structure of Extreme Rainfall Trends in South Korea. Water 2017, 9, 809.

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