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Water 2017, 9(10), 743; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100743

Variation of Aridity Index and the Role of Climate Variables in the Southwest China

1
College of Hydrometeorology, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
3
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
4
Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou 450003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
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Abstract

Aridity index (AI), defined as the ratio of annual potential evapotranspiration to annual precipitation, has been widely applied in dividing climate regimes and monitoring drought events. Investigating variation of AI and the role of climate variables are thus of great significant for managing agricultural water resource and maintaining regional ecosystem stability. In this study, with the well-corrected precipitation records and the optimized parameters in estimating solar radiation, we investigated the variation of AI and its climatic attribution in the Southwest China using the observed climate records from 135 meteorological stations during the period of 1993–2015. The results showed that the AI increased significantly (0.0053 year−1, p < 0.05) from 1993 to 2015 and abruptly increasing occurred around 2002. Approximately 85% of stations showed an increasing trend, while 24% of stations reached up to a significant increasing level, which demonstrated that the Southwest China was getting drier for the recent 20 years. Overall, the AI was most sensitive to maximum air temperature and precipitation with values of 1.11 and −1.00, respectively. The following factors are vapor pressure, solar radiation, minimum temperature, and wind speed. The declining precipitation and ascending maximum air temperature were the key variables in dominating the increase in aridity index during the period of 1993–2015, which contribute 38.98% and 36.26% of AI variation, respectively. Our results highlighted the influence of climate variability on aridity in the Southwest China. View Full-Text
Keywords: aridity index; reference evapotranspiration; climate variability; partial differential method; Southwest China aridity index; reference evapotranspiration; climate variability; partial differential method; Southwest China
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Li, Y.; Feng, A.; Liu, W.; Ma, X.; Dong, G. Variation of Aridity Index and the Role of Climate Variables in the Southwest China. Water 2017, 9, 743.

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