Next Article in Journal
Regional Climate Change Impacts on Irrigation Vulnerable Season Shifts in Agricultural Water Availability for South Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
Response of Zooplankton to Climate Variability: Droughts Create a Perfect Storm for Cladocerans in Shallow Eutrophic Lakes
Previous Article in Journal
Simulating Climate Change Induced Thermal Stress in Coldwater Fish Habitat Using SWAT Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
Methane Emissions in Spanish Saline Lakes: Current Rates, Temperature and Salinity Responses, and Evolution under Different Climate Change Scenarios
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2017, 9(10), 733; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100733

Effects of Climate, Limnological Features and Watershed Clearcut Logging on Long-Term Variation in Zooplankton Communities of Boreal Shield Lakes

1
Groupe de Recherche Interuniversitaire en Limnologie et en Environnement Aquatique (GRIL), Département de Sciences biologiques, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
2
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Center for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
Present address: Institut Maurice-Lamontagne, Pêches et Océan Canada, 850 route de la mer, C.P. 1000, Mont-Joli, QC G5H 3Z4, Canada
Present address: Chief Environment Officer, National Energy Board, Government of Canada, 517 Tenth Avenue SW, Calgary, AB T2R 0A8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 20 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Responses of Lakes to Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2129 KB, uploaded 25 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

In Canada, climate change and forest harvesting may both threaten the ecological integrity of boreal lakes. To disentangle the effects of natural variation in climate and lake environments from those of logging, we evaluated long-term variation (1991–2003) in zooplankton communities of six boreal lakes in Ontario. We monitored concomitantly changes in zooplankton abundance and composition in three undisturbed and three harvested lakes, five years prior and eight years after watershed clearcut logging. We tested the hypothesis that long-term natural variation in climate and lake environments will be more important drivers of zooplankton community changes than short-term impacts of logging. We used space/time interaction tests and asymmetric eigenvector maps to model zooplankton responses to environmental changes and logging. Year-to-year variation in zooplankton abundance and composition were almost an order of magnitude whereas among-lake variation was stable through time. Breakpoints in time series of zooplankton in each lake were not directly related to logging. Climatic and limnological features were the most important drivers of long-term variation in the zooplankton community, shading the effect of logging. These results highlight the need to better understand the pressures exerted by climate change on boreal lake ecosystems in the context of anthropogenic pressure, such as logging. View Full-Text
Keywords: zooplankton; Boreal Shield lakes; climate; lake environments; logging disturbances zooplankton; Boreal Shield lakes; climate; lake environments; logging disturbances
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lévesque, D.; Pinel-Alloul, B.; Méthot, G.; Steedman, R. Effects of Climate, Limnological Features and Watershed Clearcut Logging on Long-Term Variation in Zooplankton Communities of Boreal Shield Lakes. Water 2017, 9, 733.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top