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Water 2017, 9(1), 36; doi:10.3390/w9010036

Prey Survival and Vulnerability of Juvenile Rhynchocypris oxycephalus in Juvenile Fish Shelters under Predation by Korean Native Piscivorous Fish (Coreoperca herzi)

1
Environmental and Plant Engineering Research Institute, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, Goyang 10223, Korea
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanbat National University, Daejeon 34158, Korea
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wayne O’Connor
Received: 10 June 2016 / Revised: 28 December 2016 / Accepted: 29 December 2016 / Published: 9 January 2017
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the newly-developed juvenile fish shelter (JFS) for its ability to increase prey survival and to improve species diversity in a freshwater ecosystem. An experiment was performed in an outdoor large-scale mesocosm three times from 2011 to 2012 by comparing the responses to adjustment as a function of the volume of JFS in the control and experimental groups. Analysis results of the environmental monitoring over three periods indicated only minor differences in the physicochemical characteristics of the water quality and phyto- and zoo-plankton biomass, thereby enabling a comparative analysis of the feeding ecology. However, the water temperature exhibited large fluctuations, ranging from 16.4 to 27.6 °C, and high water temperature conditions (Period 1, 25.6 ± 2.0 °C) enhanced the predation activity of the piscivorous fish Coreoperca herzi (C. herzi, size 89 ± 4 mm). Statistically, the survival rates of the prey fish, Rhynchocypris oxycephalus (R. oxycephalus, size 29 ± 1 mm), with JFSs were greater by 35.9%–46.7%, and improved as the patch volume of JFS increased. Based on both experimental observations and statistical analysis, the JFS developed in this study could reduce the chances of predator–prey encounters, minimize prey vulnerability, and thereby increase prey survival rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: C. herzi; juvenile fish shelter (JFS); piscivorous fish; prey fish; R. oxycephalus; survival rates; vulnerability C. herzi; juvenile fish shelter (JFS); piscivorous fish; prey fish; R. oxycephalus; survival rates; vulnerability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Ahn, C.H.; Song, H.M.; Park, J.R.; Joo, J.C. Prey Survival and Vulnerability of Juvenile Rhynchocypris oxycephalus in Juvenile Fish Shelters under Predation by Korean Native Piscivorous Fish (Coreoperca herzi). Water 2017, 9, 36.

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