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Water 2017, 9(1), 14; doi:10.3390/w9010014

Socio-Ecological Regionalization of the Urban Sub-Basins in Mexico

1
Centro Interamericano de Recursos del Agua, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Carretera Toluca-Ixtlahuaca km 14.5, Unidad San Cayetano, Toluca, C.P. 50200 Estado de México, Mexico
2
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas S/N Colonia Las Campanas, C.P. 6010 Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 17 December 2016 / Accepted: 21 December 2016 / Published: 2 January 2017
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Abstract

Mexico is a diverse country in terms of culture and natural environments. For this reason, the delimitation of homogeneous basins with similar environmental, social, and economic attributes is important in order to facilitate the elaboration of high-impact regional development strategies. However, this represents an ongoing challenge due to the complexity of the interactions that occur within socio-ecological systems at a regional scale. In the present study, the main objective was to identify the interrelationships among different aspects of the socio-ecological system located within basins, with the goal of utilizing this information to promote the region-specific sustainable development of an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Therefore, in this study, environmental, social, economic, and institutional variables, relevant to water management and with the capacity to be expressed spatially, were utilized to identify regions with similar characteristics and to regionalize the urban sub-basins of Mexico based on a principal component analysis (PCA) and the k-medoids clustering algorithm. The identification of the most adequate number of regions at the national level was determined by the silhouette method. As a result, five distinct regions for Mexico were generated, which forms the first step in the design of integrated water resources management strategies for these regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: regionalization; IWRM; socio-ecological systems; cluster analysis; k-medoids; PCA regionalization; IWRM; socio-ecological systems; cluster analysis; k-medoids; PCA
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Cervantes-Jiménez, M.; Mastachi-Loza, C.A.; Díaz-Delgado, C.; Gómez-Albores, M.Á.; González-Sosa, E. Socio-Ecological Regionalization of the Urban Sub-Basins in Mexico. Water 2017, 9, 14.

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