Intermittent Domestic Water Supply: A Critical Review and Analysis of Causal-Consequential Pathways
AbstractCommunities in many parts of the world, especially in developing countries, face obstacles in supplying continuous water to household consumers. Authorities often cite water scarcity as the cause, but we demonstrate that environmental constraints constitute only one aspect of a multi-dimensional problem. By asking what causes intermittent domestic water supply, this literature review (129 articles) identifies 47 conditions of intermittent systems and the causal-consequential pathways between them that can reinforce intermittency. These pathways span several disciplines including engineering, government administration and anthropology, and when viewed together they (1) emphasize the human drivers of intermittency; (2) suggest generalized interventions; and (3) reveal a gap in the literature in terms of meaningful categorizations of the reliability of intermittent supplies. Based on the reliability of consumers’ water access, we propose three categories of intermittency—predictable, irregular, and unreliable—to facilitate comparisons between case studies and transfers of solutions. View Full-Text
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Galaitsi, S.E.; Russell, R.; Bishara, A.; Durant, J.L.; Bogle, J.; Huber-Lee, A. Intermittent Domestic Water Supply: A Critical Review and Analysis of Causal-Consequential Pathways. Water 2016, 8, 274.
Galaitsi SE, Russell R, Bishara A, Durant JL, Bogle J, Huber-Lee A. Intermittent Domestic Water Supply: A Critical Review and Analysis of Causal-Consequential Pathways. Water. 2016; 8(7):274.Chicago/Turabian Style
Galaitsi, S. E.; Russell, Robert; Bishara, Amahl; Durant, John L.; Bogle, Jennifer; Huber-Lee, Annette. 2016. "Intermittent Domestic Water Supply: A Critical Review and Analysis of Causal-Consequential Pathways." Water 8, no. 7: 274.
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