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Water 2016, 8(5), 197; doi:10.3390/w8050197

Discussion on the Choice of Decomposition Level for Wavelet Based Hydrological Time Series Modeling

1
Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Y. Jun Xu, Guangxin Zhang and Hongyan Li
Received: 1 March 2016 / Revised: 5 May 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 12 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tackling Complex Water Problems in China under Changing Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1700 KB, uploaded 12 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The combination of wavelet analysis methods with data-driven models is a prevalent approach to conducting hydrological time series forecasting, but the results are affected by the accuracy of the wavelet decomposition of the series. The choice of decomposition level is one of the key factors for the wavelet decomposition. In this paper, the data of daily precipitation and streamflow time series measured in the upper reach of the Heihe River Basin in Northwest China were used as an example, and the influence of the decomposition level on wavelet-based hydrological time series forecasting was investigated. The true components of the precipitation series were identified, and the modeling results using 10 decomposition levels and two decomposition types were compared. The results affirmed that the wavelet-based modeling performance is sensitive to the choice of decomposition level, which is determined by the time series analyzed, but has no relation with the decomposition type used. The essence of the choice of decomposition level is to reveal the complex variability of hydrological time series under multi-temporal scales, and first knowing the true components of series could guide the choice of decomposition level. Through this study, the relationship among original series’ characteristics, the choice of decomposition level, and the accuracy of wavelet-based hydrological time series forecasting can be more clearly understood, and it can be an improvement for wavelet-based data-driven modeling. View Full-Text
Keywords: wavelet analysis; decomposition level choice; temporal scale; hydrological time series forecasting; artificial neural network wavelet analysis; decomposition level choice; temporal scale; hydrological time series forecasting; artificial neural network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, M.; Sang, Y.-F.; Liu, C.; Wang, Z. Discussion on the Choice of Decomposition Level for Wavelet Based Hydrological Time Series Modeling. Water 2016, 8, 197.

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