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Water 2016, 8(2), 67; doi:10.3390/w8020067

Physical Modeling on Hydraulic Performance of Rectangular Bridge Deck Drains

1
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Lamar University, P.O. Box 10024, Beaumont, TX 77710, USA
2
Department of Industry Engineering, Lamar University, P.O. Box 10032, Beaumont, TX 77710, USA
3
Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Received: 17 November 2015 / Revised: 6 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 February 2016 / Published: 22 February 2016
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Abstract

This paper presents results from an extensive experimental study on hydraulic performance of new rectangular bridge deck drains developed by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) Bridge Division. It fits between the deck reinforcement with the top of the drain flush with the bridge surface and does not interfere with the structural connection of the bridge rail to the deck. Experiments have been performed by varying drain sizes, the number of open drains in series, approach discharges, cross slopes and longitudinal slopes. Measurements include a series of approach gutter flow depth and ponding width at different stations along the deck, and weir heights for capture and bypass discharges. An accurate prediction model has been developed for the captured discharge. The model reveals that the capture discharge is a function of the drain size, the number of open drains, the Manning’s roughness coefficient, the depth of approach flow, the longitudinal slope, and the cross slope. The rating curve for each individual drain in series is the same when the drain size is 10 cm by 20 cm; however, it decreases slightly along the flow direction when the drain size is 15 cm by 20 cm. View Full-Text
Keywords: bridge deck drain; surface runoff; hydraulic models; design; weirs bridge deck drain; surface runoff; hydraulic models; design; weirs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qian, Q.; Liu, X.; Barrett, M.E.; Charbeneau, R.J. Physical Modeling on Hydraulic Performance of Rectangular Bridge Deck Drains. Water 2016, 8, 67.

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