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Water 2016, 8(11), 482; doi:10.3390/w8110482

Numerical Modeling of Water Thermal Plumes Emitted by Thermal Power Plants

1
Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Nuevo Periférico 555, 48525 Ejido San José Tatepozco, Tonalá, Jalisco, Mexico
2
Tecnologico de Monterrey, Av. General Ramón Corona 2514, 45138 Nuevo México, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico
3
Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas Norte 152 Col. San Bartolo Atepehuacan, C.P. 07730 México D.F., Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 27 July 2016 / Revised: 17 October 2016 / Accepted: 17 October 2016 / Published: 26 October 2016
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Abstract

This work focuses on the study of thermal dispersion of plumes emitted by power plants into the sea. Wastewater discharge from power stations causes impacts that require investigation or monitoring. A study to characterize the physical effects of thermal plumes into the sea is carried out here by numerical modeling and field measurements. The case study is the thermal discharges of the Presidente Adolfo López Mateos Power Plant, located in Veracruz, on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. This plant is managed by the Federal Electricity Commission of Mexico. The physical effects of such plumes are related to the increase of seawater temperature caused by the hot water discharge of the plant. We focus on the implementation, calibration, and validation of the Delft3D-FLOW model, which solves the shallow-water equations. The numerical simulations consider a critical scenario where meteorological and oceanographic parameters are taken into account to reproduce the proper physical conditions of the environment. The results show a local physical effect of the thermal plumes within the study zone, given the predominant strong winds conditions of the scenario under study. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal plume dispersion; coastal hydrodynamics; thermal power plants thermal plume dispersion; coastal hydrodynamics; thermal power plants
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Durán-Colmenares, A.; Barrios-Piña, H.; Ramírez-León, H. Numerical Modeling of Water Thermal Plumes Emitted by Thermal Power Plants. Water 2016, 8, 482.

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