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Water 2016, 8(10), 470; doi:10.3390/w8100470

Impact of the Municipal Solid Waste Łubna Landfill on Environmental Pollution by Heavy Metals

1
Institute of Environmental Protection-National Research Institute, Krucza 5/11d St., Warsaw 00-548, Poland
2
Department of Agriculture and Biology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159 St., Warsaw 02-776, Poland
3
Polish Academy of Sciences, Botanical Garden—Center for Biological Diversity Conservation, Prawdziwka 2 St., Warsaw 02-973, Poland
4
Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159 St., Warsaw 02-776, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Polya
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 13 October 2016 / Accepted: 14 October 2016 / Published: 21 October 2016
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Abstract

Landfills have been identified as potential sources of heavy metal pollution of the environment. The municipal solid waste Łubna landfill is one of the largest landfills in Poland. Its impact on heavy metal pollution (Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, and Cr) of groundwater, soil and plants has been thoroughly evaluated. Elevated levels of contamination have not been recorded in the vicinity of the landfill. The concentrations of heavy metals in soil from the vicinity of the landfill were similar to the geochemical background levels for the forest and farming soils of central Poland. The concentrations of heavy metals in European goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea L.) and grasses (Poaceae) did not exceed the baseline concentrations and did not indicate environmental pollution by heavy metals. The levels of the metal concentration in groundwater did not exceed the standards established for water intended for consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste landfill; metal pollution; soil; groundwater; plant municipal solid waste landfill; metal pollution; soil; groundwater; plant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gworek, B.; Dmuchowski, W.; Koda, E.; Marecka, M.; Baczewska, A.H.; Brągoszewska, P.; Sieczka, A.; Osiński, P. Impact of the Municipal Solid Waste Łubna Landfill on Environmental Pollution by Heavy Metals. Water 2016, 8, 470.

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