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Water 2015, 7(9), 5155-5172; doi:10.3390/w7095155

Flood-Runoff in Semi-Arid and Sub-Humid Regions, a Case Study: A Simulation of Jianghe Watershed in Northern China

1
College of Water Resources Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
2
Institute of Water Resources and Environmental Geology, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
3
Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen D 52056, Germany
4
School of Computing, Science & Engineering, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xixi Wang
Received: 6 July 2015 / Revised: 5 September 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 22 September 2015
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Abstract

This paper presents a modeling application of surface runoff using the Hydrologic Modelling System (HEC-HMS). A case study was carried out for the Jianghe watershed, a typical semi-arid and sub-humid geo-climatic region in northern China. Two modeling schemes using different descriptive sub-mechanism models provided by HEC-HMS for runoff volume, direct runoff and routing (channel flow) were investigated. The modeling results were compared with historical observation data. This work shows that HEC-HMS can be a suitable modeling tool for specific situations in China. With the appropriate selection of the sub-mechanism models, HEC-HMS can be applied to various situations, including the typical semi-arid and sub-humid conditions in northern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface runoff; flooding; Jianghe watershed; catchment area; semi-arid and sub-humid climate; HEC-HMS surface runoff; flooding; Jianghe watershed; catchment area; semi-arid and sub-humid climate; HEC-HMS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jin, H.; Liang, R.; Wang, Y.; Tumula, P. Flood-Runoff in Semi-Arid and Sub-Humid Regions, a Case Study: A Simulation of Jianghe Watershed in Northern China. Water 2015, 7, 5155-5172.

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