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Water 2015, 7(6), 2656-2672; doi:10.3390/w7062656

Areal Distribution of Ammonium Contamination of Soil-Water Environment in the Vicinity of Old Municipal Landfill Site with Vertical Barrier

1
Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159 St., Warsaw 02-776, Poland
2
Institute of Environmental Protection—National Research Institute, Krucza 5/11d St., Warsaw 00-548, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yung-Tse Hung
Received: 4 March 2015 / Revised: 15 May 2015 / Accepted: 21 May 2015 / Published: 29 May 2015
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Abstract

The content of the paper is focused on determining the influence of an old municipal landfill site on the pollution of soil and groundwater by ammonium. The assessment of the influence was conducted on piezometric recording basis, laboratory tests and site investigation, which gave information on contamination level and direction of pollutants migration. Based on the groundwater monitoring results, several maps of groundwater level changes were created. Moreover, mapping of ammonium distribution and migration paths within Lubna Landfill surroundings was also provided. The monitoring data show improvement of water quality in almost every piezometer after only a few years from when groundwater protection system was installed at the site. It indicates that reduction of ammonium within the vicinity of the landfill is continuously progressing in time. On the basis of the results obtained, the magnitude of variability in pollutant migration and changes in concentration, as well as efficiency of the vertical barrier were assessed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ammonium; sanitary landfill; groundwater monitoring; pollution ammonium; sanitary landfill; groundwater monitoring; pollution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Koda, E.; Osinski, P.; Sieczka, A.; Wychowaniak, D. Areal Distribution of Ammonium Contamination of Soil-Water Environment in the Vicinity of Old Municipal Landfill Site with Vertical Barrier. Water 2015, 7, 2656-2672.

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