Next Article in Journal
Evaluating the Effects of Mulch and Irrigation Amount on Soil Water Distribution and Root Zone Water Balance Using HYDRUS-2D
Next Article in Special Issue
Water Institutions and Management in Cape Verde
Previous Article in Journal
Spatio-Temporal Variations and Source Apportionment of Water Pollution in Danjiangkou Reservoir Basin, Central China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Radon in Groundwater of the Northeastern Gran Canaria Aquifer
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2015, 7(6), 2612-2621; doi:10.3390/w7062612

Improving Water Use in Fodder Production

Departamento de Patología Animal, Producción Animal y Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Grupo investigación GEOVOL, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35000, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 10 May 2015 / Accepted: 21 May 2015 / Published: 27 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Study, Development and Management of Water in Volcanic Areas)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [747 KB, uploaded 10 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Water deficit in semi-arid regions limits the future of the livestock sector. Also, its high price represents a percentage of the total cost of forage production. Non-conventional water resources applied by subsurface drip irrigation (SDI), in which the safe use lies in the management and not on the level of water treatment, would enhance the ruminant production sustainability. To obtain the optimal benefit, the transformation of water per kilogram of dry matter produced must have a high grade of effectiveness. Under this premise, a maralfalfa crop (Penissetum sp, hybridum) has been established with an SDI system and reclaimed water. Forage yield is analyzed with respect to a 40% irrigation reduction. This study shows that, with the use of these good irrigation management practices, it is possible to harvest an annual production of 90 to 72 t·ha−1 in the warmer regions of the Canary Islands. This implies water consumption between 13,200 and 8100 m3·ha−1. A water consumption of 21,000 m3·ha−1 per year for the same production, at a ratio of 230 L·t−1, can be estimated for the rest of the Canary Islands coastal regions. The use of the water management described in this paper can be profitable in the Canary Islands for fodder production. View Full-Text
Keywords: water consumption coefficient; maralfalfa; subsurface drip irrigation; reclaimed water; water use efficiency (WUE) water consumption coefficient; maralfalfa; subsurface drip irrigation; reclaimed water; water use efficiency (WUE)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mendoza-Grimón, V.; Hernández-Moreno, J.M.; Palacios-Díaz, M.P. Improving Water Use in Fodder Production. Water 2015, 7, 2612-2621.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top