Stochastic Flocculation Model for Cohesive Sediment Suspended in Water
AbstractExisting flocculation models for cohesive sediments are classified into two groups: population balance equation models (PBE) and floc growth models. An FGM ensures mass conservation in a closed system. However, an FGM determines only the average size of flocs, whereas a PBE has the capability to calculate a size distribution of flocs. A new stochastic approach to model the flocculation process is theoretically developed and incorporated into a deterministic FGM in this study in order to calculate a size distribution of flocs as well as the average size. A log-normal distribution is used to generate random numbers based on previous laboratory experiments. The new stochastic flocculation model is tested with three laboratory experiment results. It was found and validated with measured data that the new stochastic flocculation model has the capability to replicate a size distribution of flocs reasonably well under different sediment and carrier flow conditions. Three more distributions (normal; Pearson type 3; and generalized extreme value distributions) were also tested. From the comparison with results of different distribution functions, it is shown that a stochastic FGM using a log-normal distribution has a comparative advantage in terms of simplicity and accuracy. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Shin, H.J.; Son, M.; Lee, G.-H. Stochastic Flocculation Model for Cohesive Sediment Suspended in Water. Water 2015, 7, 2527-2541.
Shin HJ, Son M, Lee G-H. Stochastic Flocculation Model for Cohesive Sediment Suspended in Water. Water. 2015; 7(5):2527-2541.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shin, Hyun J.; Son, Minwoo; Lee, Guan-hong. 2015. "Stochastic Flocculation Model for Cohesive Sediment Suspended in Water." Water 7, no. 5: 2527-2541.