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Water 2015, 7(12), 6877-6891; doi:10.3390/w7126664

An Amplification Model for the Regional Estimation of Extreme Rainfall within Orographic Areas in Campania Region (Italy)

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 16 November 2015 / Accepted: 26 November 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015
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Abstract

Orography strongly interacts with the atmospheric circulation, especially during frontal events, generating an enhanced spatial variability of the rainfall field. Regional models of extreme rainfall have to deal with these circumstances in order to provide good spatial estimation of the regionalized variable. We present a model for the regional estimation of the mean of the probability distribution of the annual daily rainfall maxima in a region (Campania, Southern Italy) with complex orography. In a recent work, we found that areas with enhanced variability of extreme rainfall, in the same region, correspond to a particular set of orographic objects, which had been classified through an automatic, GIS-based geomorphological procedure. Here, we propose an approach that considers the same orographic objects as building blocks for a regional model that is able to capture the amplification of extreme rainfall caused by orography. The regional model is then the product of a basic stationary random spatial process and an amplification factor, whose values are related to the topographic features of the orographic objects. This approach represents a step towards the improvement of the predictive ability of regional models of extreme rainfall within orographically complex areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme rainfall; orographic effects; geostatistics; regional analysis; spatial variability extreme rainfall; orographic effects; geostatistics; regional analysis; spatial variability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pelosi, A.; Furcolo, P. An Amplification Model for the Regional Estimation of Extreme Rainfall within Orographic Areas in Campania Region (Italy). Water 2015, 7, 6877-6891.

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