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Water 2015, 7(10), 5599-5616; doi:10.3390/w7105599

Towards A New Decision Support System for Design, Management and Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gases Emission

1
School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, viale dell'Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Via Di Biasio, 43, 03043 Cassino, FR, Italy
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Florence, Via S. Marta 3, 50139 Florence, Italy
4
Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace and Materials Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Based on “Caniani, D.; Esposito, G.; Gori, R.; Mannina, G. Towards a Reduction of Greenhouse Gases: A New Decision Support System for Design, Management and Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants. In proceedings of the 12th IWA Specialized Conference on Large Wastewater Treatment Plants, 6–9 September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic.”
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 6 September 2015 / Accepted: 9 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1868 KB, uploaded 16 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

The increasing attention paid to the environment has led to a reduction in the emissions from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Moreover, the increasing interest in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from WWTPs suggests that we reconsider the traditional tools used for designing and managing WWTPs. Indeed, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and methane can be emitted from wastewater treatment, significantly contributing to the greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint. The reduction of energy consumption as well as GHG emission are of particular concern for large WWTPs which treat the majority of wastewater in terms of both volume and pollution load. Nowadays, there is an increasing need to develop new tools that include additional performance indicators related to GHG emissions and energy consumption as well as traditional effluent quality parameters. Energy consumption, in fact, can be considered as an indirect source of GHGs. This paper presents the development of an ongoing research project aiming at setting-up an innovative mathematical model platform for the design and management of WWTPs. The final goal of the project by means of this platform is to minimize the environmental impact of WWTPs through their optimization in terms of energy consumptions and emissions, which can be regarded as discharged pollutants, sludge and GHGs. View Full-Text
Keywords: decision support system; wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) integrated modeling; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decision support system; wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) integrated modeling; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Caniani, D.; Esposito, G.; Gori, R.; Mannina, G. Towards A New Decision Support System for Design, Management and Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gases Emission. Water 2015, 7, 5599-5616.

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