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Water 2015, 7(10), 5416-5436; doi:10.3390/w7105416

Water-Energy-Food Nexus in a Transboundary River Basin: The Case of Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River Basin

1
Water & Development Research Group, Aalto University, P.O. Box 15200, Aalto 00076, Finland
2
Department of Rural Engineering, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, P.O. Box 86, Russian Federation Boulevard, Phnom Penh 12152, Cambodia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 1 June 2015 / Revised: 27 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 12 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water-Energy-Food Nexus in Large Asian River Basins)
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Abstract

The water-energy-food nexus is promoted as a new approach for research and policy-making. But what does the nexus mean in practice and what kinds of benefits does it bring? In this article we share our experiences with using a nexus approach in Cambodia’s Tonle Sap Lake area. We conclude that water, energy and food security are very closely linked, both in the Tonle Sap and in the transboundary Mekong River Basin generally. The current drive for large-scale hydropower threatens water and food security at both local and national scales. Hence, the nexus provides a relevant starting point for promoting sustainable development in the Mekong. We also identify and discuss two parallel dimensions for the nexus, with one focusing on research and analysis and the other on integrated planning and cross-sectoral collaboration. In our study, the nexus approach was particularly useful in facilitating collaboration and stakeholder engagement. This was because the nexus approach clearly defines the main themes included in the process, and at the same time widens the discussion from mere water resource management into the broader aspects of water, energy and food security. View Full-Text
Keywords: transboundary water-energy-food nexus; climate change; science–policy–stakeholder interaction; cross-sectoral collaboration; integrated planning; Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM); transboundary rivers transboundary water-energy-food nexus; climate change; science–policy–stakeholder interaction; cross-sectoral collaboration; integrated planning; Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM); transboundary rivers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Keskinen, M.; Someth, P.; Salmivaara, A.; Kummu, M. Water-Energy-Food Nexus in a Transboundary River Basin: The Case of Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River Basin. Water 2015, 7, 5416-5436.

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