Next Article in Journal
Multilayer Numerical Modeling of Flows through Vegetation Using a Mixing-Length Turbulence Model
Next Article in Special Issue
An Innovative Approach for Drainage Network Sizing
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Assessment of the Use of a Novel Superabsorbent polymer (SAP) for the Optimization ofWater Consumption in Agricultural Irrigation Process
Previous Article in Special Issue
Review and Research Needs of Bioretention Used for the Treatment of Urban Stormwater
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2014, 6(7), 2070-2083;

Evaluating the Infiltration Performance of Eight Dutch Permeable Pavements Using a New Full-Scale Infiltration Testing Method

Department of Water Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, PO Box 5048, Delft 2600 GA, The Netherlands
TAUW, zekeringstraat 43g, P.O. Box 20748, Amsterdam 1001 NS, The Netherlands
NoorderRuimte, Centre of Applied Research and Innovation on Area Development, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Zernikeplein 7, P.O. Box 3037, Groningen 9701 DA, The Netherlands
Stormwater Research Group, School of Science and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland 4558, Australia
Deltares, Princetonlaan 6-8, P.O.Box 85467, Utrecht 3508 AL, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2014 / Revised: 25 June 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Drainage Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1202 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |  


Permeable pavements are a type of sustainable urban drainage system (SUDS) technique that are used around the world to infiltrate and treat urban stormwater runoff and to minimize runoff volumes. Urban stormwater runoff contains significant concentrations of suspended sediments that can cause clogging and reduce the infiltration capacity and effectiveness of permeable pavements. It is important for stormwater managers to be able to determine when the level of clogging has reached an unacceptable level, so that they can schedule maintenance or replacement activities as required. Newly-installed permeable pavements in the Netherlands must demonstrate a minimum infiltration capacity of 194 mm/h (540 l/s/ha). Other commonly used permeable pavement guidelines in the Netherlands recommend that maintenance is undertaken on permeable pavements when the infiltration falls below 0.50 m/d (20.8 mm/h). This study used a newly-developed, full-scale infiltration test procedure to evaluate the infiltration performance of eight permeable pavements in five municipalities that had been in service for over seven years in the Netherlands. The determined infiltration capacities vary between 29 and 342 mm/h. Two of the eight pavements show an infiltration capacity higher than 194 mm/h, and all infiltration capacities are higher than 20.8 mm/h. According to the guidelines, this suggests that none of the pavements tested in this study would require immediate maintenance. View Full-Text
Keywords: permeable pavements; infiltration rate; clogging; SUDS; full-scale test method permeable pavements; infiltration rate; clogging; SUDS; full-scale test method

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Boogaard, F.; Lucke, T.; van de Giesen, N.; van de Ven, F. Evaluating the Infiltration Performance of Eight Dutch Permeable Pavements Using a New Full-Scale Infiltration Testing Method. Water 2014, 6, 2070-2083.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top