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Water 2014, 6(7), 2070-2083; doi:10.3390/w6072070
Article

Evaluating the Infiltration Performance of Eight Dutch Permeable Pavements Using a New Full-Scale Infiltration Testing Method

1,2,3,* , 4
, 1
 and 1,5
1 Department of Water Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, PO Box 5048, Delft 2600 GA, The Netherlands 2 TAUW, zekeringstraat 43g, P.O. Box 20748, Amsterdam 1001 NS, The Netherlands 3 NoorderRuimte, Centre of Applied Research and Innovation on Area Development, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Zernikeplein 7, P.O. Box 3037, Groningen 9701 DA, The Netherlands 4 Stormwater Research Group, School of Science and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland 4558, Australia 5 Deltares, Princetonlaan 6-8, P.O.Box 85467, Utrecht 3508 AL, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2014 / Revised: 25 June 2014 / Accepted: 8 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Drainage Systems)
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Abstract

Permeable pavements are a type of sustainable urban drainage system (SUDS) technique that are used around the world to infiltrate and treat urban stormwater runoff and to minimize runoff volumes. Urban stormwater runoff contains significant concentrations of suspended sediments that can cause clogging and reduce the infiltration capacity and effectiveness of permeable pavements. It is important for stormwater managers to be able to determine when the level of clogging has reached an unacceptable level, so that they can schedule maintenance or replacement activities as required. Newly-installed permeable pavements in the Netherlands must demonstrate a minimum infiltration capacity of 194 mm/h (540 l/s/ha). Other commonly used permeable pavement guidelines in the Netherlands recommend that maintenance is undertaken on permeable pavements when the infiltration falls below 0.50 m/d (20.8 mm/h). This study used a newly-developed, full-scale infiltration test procedure to evaluate the infiltration performance of eight permeable pavements in five municipalities that had been in service for over seven years in the Netherlands. The determined infiltration capacities vary between 29 and 342 mm/h. Two of the eight pavements show an infiltration capacity higher than 194 mm/h, and all infiltration capacities are higher than 20.8 mm/h. According to the guidelines, this suggests that none of the pavements tested in this study would require immediate maintenance.
Keywords: permeable pavements; infiltration rate; clogging; SUDS; full-scale test method permeable pavements; infiltration rate; clogging; SUDS; full-scale test method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Boogaard, F.; Lucke, T.; van de Giesen, N.; van de Ven, F. Evaluating the Infiltration Performance of Eight Dutch Permeable Pavements Using a New Full-Scale Infiltration Testing Method. Water 2014, 6, 2070-2083.

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