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Water 2014, 6(4), 1043-1068; doi:10.3390/w6041043
Article

Integrated Groundwater Resources Management Using the DPSIR Approach in a GIS Environment Context: A Case Study from the Gallikos River Basin, North Greece

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Received: 23 December 2013 / Revised: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 1 April 2014 / Published: 24 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Policy, Productivity and Economic Efficiency)
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Abstract

The Gallikos River basin is located in the northern part of Greece, and the coastal section is part of a deltaic system. The basin has been influenced by anthropogenic activities during the last decades, leading to continuous water resource degradation. The holistic approach of the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework was applied in order to investigate the main causes and origins of pressures and to optimize the measures for sustainable management of water resources. The major driving forces that affect the Gallikos River basin are urbanization, intensive agriculture, industry and the regional development strategy. The main pressures on water resources are the overexploitation of aquifers, water quality degradation, and decrease of river discharge. Recommended responses were based on the Water Framework Directive (WFD) 2000/60/EC, and sum up to rationalization of water resources, land use management and appropriate utilization of waste, especially so effluent. The application of the DPSIR analysis in this paper links the socioeconomic drivers to the water resource pressures, the responses based on the WFD and the national legislation and is as a useful tool for land-use planning and decision making in the area of water protection.
Keywords: DPSIR model; Aquifer systems; Groundwater management; Water resources; Gallikos River basin; Greece DPSIR model; Aquifer systems; Groundwater management; Water resources; Gallikos River basin; Greece
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mattas, C.; Voudouris, K.S.; Panagopoulos, A. Integrated Groundwater Resources Management Using the DPSIR Approach in a GIS Environment Context: A Case Study from the Gallikos River Basin, North Greece. Water 2014, 6, 1043-1068.

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