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Water 2014, 6(12), 3652-3670; doi:10.3390/w6123652

Damaging Hydrogeological Events: A Procedure for the Assessment of Severity Levels and an Application to Calabria (Southern Italy)

1
Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in Mediterranean (CNR-ISAFOM), National Research Council, Via Cavour 4/6, Rende (Cs) 87036, Italy
2
Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR-IRPI), National Research Council, Via Cavour 4/6, Rende (Cs) 87036, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2014 / Revised: 10 November 2014 / Accepted: 24 November 2014 / Published: 27 November 2014
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Abstract

A damaging hydrogeological event (DHE) is characterized by two components: a rainfall event and a subsequent damage event, which is the result of floods and landslides triggered by rainfall. The characteristics of both events depend on climatic, geomorphological and anthropogenic factors. In this paper, a methodology to classify the severity of DHEs is presented. A chart which considers indicators of both the damage (Dscore) and the daily rainfall (Rscore) values recorded in the study area is proposed. According to the chart, the events are classified into four types: ordinary events, with low Dscore and Rscore values; extraordinary events, with high Rscore values but low Dscore values; catastrophic events, characterized by non-exceptional rainfall (low Rscore) and severe damage (high Dscore); major catastrophic events, obtained by both high Dscore and Rscore values. Using this approach, the 2013 DHE that occurred in Calabria (Italy) was classified as an ordinary event, when compared to the previous ones, even though the widespread diffusion of damage data induced the perception of high severity damage. The rainfall that triggered this event confirms the negative trend of heavy daily precipitation detected in Calabria, and the damage can be ascribed more to sub-daily than daily rainfall affecting urbanized flood-prone areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: damaging hydrogeological event; flood; landslide; Calabria damaging hydrogeological event; flood; landslide; Calabria
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Caloiero, T.; Pasqua, A.A.; Petrucci, O. Damaging Hydrogeological Events: A Procedure for the Assessment of Severity Levels and an Application to Calabria (Southern Italy). Water 2014, 6, 3652-3670.

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