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Water 2012, 4(3), 510-532; doi:10.3390/w4030510

Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water

1 Consultant via Malta 24, Torino 10141, Italy 2 Consultant via Friuli 21, Milano 20135, Italy 3 Consultant via Mauro Macchi 26, Milano 20124, Italy 4 Laboratoire de chimie moléculaire de l’état solide, Université de Strasbourg, UMR 7140 UdS/CNRS, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, CS 90032, Strasbourg Cedex 67081, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2012 / Revised: 29 June 2012 / Accepted: 2 July 2012 / Published: 9 July 2012
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We examine in some detail the interaction of water molecules with the radiative electromagnetic field and find the existence of phase transitions from the vapor phase to a condensed phase where all molecules oscillate in unison, in tune with a self-trapped electromagnetic field within extended mesoscopic space regions (Coherence Domains). The properties of such a condensed phase are examined and found to be compatible with the phenomenological properties of liquid water. In particular, the observed value of critical density is calculated with good accuracy.
Keywords: liquid phase; quantum electrodynamics; coherence; liquid water; critical density liquid phase; quantum electrodynamics; coherence; liquid water; critical density
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Bono, I.; Del Giudice, E.; Gamberale, L.; Henry, M. Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water. Water 2012, 4, 510-532.

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