Water 2012, 4(3), 510-532; doi:10.3390/w4030510

Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water

1 Consultant via Malta 24, Torino 10141, Italy 2 Consultant via Friuli 21, Milano 20135, Italy 3 Consultant via Mauro Macchi 26, Milano 20124, Italy 4 Laboratoire de chimie moléculaire de l’état solide, Université de Strasbourg, UMR 7140 UdS/CNRS, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, CS 90032, Strasbourg Cedex 67081, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2012; in revised form: 29 June 2012 / Accepted: 2 July 2012 / Published: 9 July 2012
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Abstract: We examine in some detail the interaction of water molecules with the radiative electromagnetic field and find the existence of phase transitions from the vapor phase to a condensed phase where all molecules oscillate in unison, in tune with a self-trapped electromagnetic field within extended mesoscopic space regions (Coherence Domains). The properties of such a condensed phase are examined and found to be compatible with the phenomenological properties of liquid water. In particular, the observed value of critical density is calculated with good accuracy.
Keywords: liquid phase; quantum electrodynamics; coherence; liquid water; critical density

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bono, I.; Del Giudice, E.; Gamberale, L.; Henry, M. Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water. Water 2012, 4, 510-532.

AMA Style

Bono I, Del Giudice E, Gamberale L, Henry M. Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water. Water. 2012; 4(3):510-532.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bono, Ivan; Del Giudice, Emilio; Gamberale, Luca; Henry, Marc. 2012. "Emergence of the Coherent Structure of Liquid Water." Water 4, no. 3: 510-532.

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