Water 2012, 4(2), 474-493; doi:10.3390/w4020474
Article

Influence of a Storm Surge Barrier’s Operation on the Flood Frequency in the Rhine Delta Area

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Received: 9 April 2012; in revised form: 2 May 2012 / Accepted: 4 May 2012 / Published: 11 May 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The Rhine River Delta is crucial to the Dutch economy. The Maeslant barrier was built in 1997 to protect the Rhine estuary, with the city and port of Rotterdam, from storm surges. This research takes a simple approach to quantify the influence of the Maeslant storm surge barrier on design water levels behind the barrier. The dikes in the area are supposed to be able to withstand these levels. Equal Level Curves approach is used to calculate the Rotterdam water levels by using Rhine discharges and sea water levels as input. Their joint probability function generates the occurrence frequency of a certain combination that will lead to a certain high water level in Rotterdam. The results show that the flood frequency in Rotterdam is reduced effectively with the controlled barrier in current and in future scenarios influenced by climate change. In addition, an investigation of the sensitivity of the operational parameters suggests that there is a negligible influence on the high water level frequency when the decision closing water level for the barrier is set higher due to the benefits of navigation (but not exceeding the design safety level 4 m MSL).
Keywords: Rhine-Meuse delta; flood frequency; storm surge barriers; equal level curves; joint probability method; sensitivity analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhong, H.; van Overloop, P.-J.; van Gelder, P.; Rijcken, T. Influence of a Storm Surge Barrier’s Operation on the Flood Frequency in the Rhine Delta Area. Water 2012, 4, 474-493.

AMA Style

Zhong H, van Overloop P-J, van Gelder P, Rijcken T. Influence of a Storm Surge Barrier’s Operation on the Flood Frequency in the Rhine Delta Area. Water. 2012; 4(2):474-493.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhong, Hua; van Overloop, Peter-Jules; van Gelder, Pieter; Rijcken, Ties. 2012. "Influence of a Storm Surge Barrier’s Operation on the Flood Frequency in the Rhine Delta Area." Water 4, no. 2: 474-493.

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