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Water 2018, 10(9), 1232; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091232

Values and Preferences for Domestic Water Use: A Study from the Transboundary River Basin of Mékrou (West Africa)

1
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra, Italy
2
School of Spatial Planning and Development, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Institute of Urban Environment & Human Resources, Department of Economic and Regional Development, Panteion University, 14 Aristotelous St., GR-17671 Kallithea, Athens, Greece
4
Institut National de l’Eau (INE), Université d’Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 4521 Cotonou, Benin
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 31 August 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
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Abstract

Water is indispensable for human life and sufficient domestic use is considered as a regularity in the western world. The conditions are substantially different in African countries where poverty and lack of life-supporting services prevail. The provision of domestic water is an essential problem, which requires action. Τhe lack of sufficient funding for the development of infrastructure supports claims for citizen participation in related costs. However, can citizens pay and to what extend for sufficient water provision? The present study investigates a household’s willingness to pay for domestic water in the transboundary Mékrou River Basin in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Benin and Niger) and explores the payment for domestic water provision to poverty. The paper uses the results of a household survey that was undertaken in the Mekrou basin including a representative sample from all three countries. Based on this survey the paper presents basic socio-economic characteristics of the local population as well as qualitative water provision and management attributes. In the core of the econometric analysis the paper presents the results of the survey’s Contingent Valuation (CV) scenario estimating the households’ willingness to pay (WTP) for a domestic water provision. The households of the Mekrou basin are willing to pay 2.81 euro per month in average for a domestic water provision network but this is strongly related with the wealth of households. This finding although it may support the “user pays principle”, it also raises serious questions over the provision of water to poor households. View Full-Text
Keywords: domestic water supply; willingness to pay (WTP); poverty; contingent valuation method; transboundary river basin domestic water supply; willingness to pay (WTP); poverty; contingent valuation method; transboundary river basin
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Markantonis, V.; Dondeynaz, C.; Latinopoulos, D.; Bithas, K.; Trichakis, I.; M’Po, Y.N.; Carmona Moreno, C. Values and Preferences for Domestic Water Use: A Study from the Transboundary River Basin of Mékrou (West Africa). Water 2018, 10, 1232.

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