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Water 2018, 10(8), 1107; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081107

Efficient Ammonium Removal by Bacteria Rhodopseudomonas Isolated from Natural Landscape Water: China Case Study

College of Resources and Environment, Key Laboratory of Soil Multiscale Interface Process and Control, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
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Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Wastewater Treatment using Zeolite and Anammox)
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Abstract

In this study, we isolated a strain of photosynthetic bacteria from landscape water located in Southwest University, Chongqing, China, and named it Smobiisys501. Smobiisys501 was Rhodopseudomonas sp. according to its cell morphological properties and absorption spectrum analysis of living cells. The analysis of the 16S rDNA amplification sequence with specific primers of photosynthetic bacteria showed that the homology between Smobiisys501 and Rhodopseudomonas sp. was 100%, and the alignment results of protein sequences of the bacterial chlorophyll Y subunit showed that Smobiisys501 and Rhodopseudomonas palustris were the most similar, with a similarity of more than 92%. However, Smobiisys501 could not utilize glucose and mannitol as a carbon source and had a low fatty acid content, which were different from the related strains of the genus Rhodopseudomonas. Moreover, the DNA-DNA relatedness was only 42.2 ± 3.3% between Smobiisys501 and the closest strain Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Smobiisys501 grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0 in the presence of yeast extract, and it could efficiently remove ammonium (99.67% removal efficiency) from synthetic ammonium wastewater. All the results indicated that Smobiisys501 was a novel species of Rhodopseudomonas, with the ability to remove ammonium. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhodopseudomonas sp.; anaerobic; characteristics; ammonium Rhodopseudomonas sp.; anaerobic; characteristics; ammonium
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Huang, X.; Ni, J.; Yang, C.; Feng, M.; Li, Z.; Xie, D. Efficient Ammonium Removal by Bacteria Rhodopseudomonas Isolated from Natural Landscape Water: China Case Study. Water 2018, 10, 1107.

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