Next Article in Journal
Effective Evaluation of Infiltration and Storage Measures in Sponge City Construction: A Case Study of Fenghuang City
Previous Article in Journal
Labeling Water Transport Efficiencies
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(7), 936; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070936

The Flow Generator Relations for Water Renewal through the Flushing Culverts in Marinas

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Zagreb University of Applied Sciences, 10010 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Water Research, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy and Water Nexus)

Abstract

An understanding of the relationship between the flow generators and harbor design could result in an acceptable seawater renewal into an enclosed basin. The flushing culverts located in the breakwater are the most cost-effective technique for improving water renewal in port engineering. The aim of the paper was to identify and quantify the relation between flow generators and culvert flow to propose an optimal position for the flushing culverts. Mentioned relations are important for designing and positioning the flushing culverts in marinas to achieve optimal sea exchange in the marina basin. Field measurements in the marina Opatija were performed and the data served for calibrating a 3D circulation model and a wave generation/propagation model. The absolute volume of the flow through the culverts caused by wind waves has the more important contribution to the water renewal in the marina basin than the coastal springs have. The optimal flow rates through the culverts are performed by positioning the flushing culvert axis at the mean sea level in accordance with the main incident direction of the propagating waves. View Full-Text
Keywords: seawater renewal; flushing culverts; wind waves; coastal springs seawater renewal; flushing culverts; wind waves; coastal springs
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bartolić, I.; Lončar, G.; Bujak, D.; Carević, D. The Flow Generator Relations for Water Renewal through the Flushing Culverts in Marinas. Water 2018, 10, 936.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top