Next Article in Journal
The Value of Environmental Base Flow in Water-Scarce Basins: A Case Study of Wei River Basin, Northwest China
Next Article in Special Issue
An Experimental and Theoretical Study on Separations by Vacuum Membrane Distillation Employing Hollow-Fiber Modules
Previous Article in Journal
Ecosystemic Assessment of Surface Water Quality in the Virilla River: Towards Sanitation Processes in Costa Rica
Previous Article in Special Issue
Simultaneous Treatment of Agro-Industrial and Industrial Wastewaters: Case Studies of Cr(VI)/Second Cheese Whey and Cr(VI)/Winery Effluents
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Water 2018, 10(7), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070847

Membrane Fouling for Produced Water Treatment: A Review Study From a Process Control Perspective

Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, DK-6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 26 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [438 KB, uploaded 26 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

The offshore oil and gas industry is experiencing increasing water cuts as the reservoirs mature. The increase in produced water stresses the currently deployed deoiling technologies, resulting in more oil in the discharged water. Deploying membrane filtration to reduce the hydrocarbon concentration inherits additional complications related to fouling of the membranes: A process where the accumulation of material within and on the membrane surface adds additional flow resistance. This paper reviews and analyses the fouling detection, removal, prevention, dynamical and static modeling, with emphasis on how the membrane process can be manipulated from a process control perspective. The majority of the models rely on static descriptions or are limited to a narrow range of operating conditions which limits the usability of the models. This paper concludes that although the membrane filtration has been successfully applied and matured in many other industrial areas, challenges regarding cost-effective mitigation of fouling in the offshore deoiling applications, still exist. Fouling-based modeling combined with online parameter identification could potentially expand the operating range of the models and facilitate advanced control design to address transient performance and scheduling of fouling removal methods, resulting in cost-effective operation of membrane filtration systems. With the benefits of membrane filtration, it is predicted that membrane technology will be incorporated in produced water treatment, if the zero-discharge policies are enforced globally. View Full-Text
Keywords: crossflow membrane filtration; produced water treatment; fouling; modeling; process control; separation; multiphase crossflow membrane filtration; produced water treatment; fouling; modeling; process control; separation; multiphase
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jepsen, K.L.; Bram, M.V.; Pedersen, S.; Yang, Z. Membrane Fouling for Produced Water Treatment: A Review Study From a Process Control Perspective. Water 2018, 10, 847.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top