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Water 2018, 10(6), 723; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060723

Applying the Theory of Reliability to the Assessment of Hazard, Risk and Safety in a Hydrologic System: A Case Study in the Upper Sola River Catchment, Poland

1
Department of Water Management and Engineering Systems, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management-National Research Institute, ul. Podlesna 61, 01-673 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, 21 111 Lakeshore Road, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada
3
Hydrological Forecasting Office, Institute of Meteorology and Water Management-National Research Institute, ul. Piotra Borowego 14, 30-215 Cracow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2017 / Revised: 25 April 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 2 June 2018
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Abstract

River basin safety issues and hazards arising from extreme hydrological and meteorological events pose significant risks to human life and can entail economic and financial losses. In this study, the practical aspects of reliability theory linked to reliability engineering, and the associated mathematical tools used to describe technical systems, were applied to explore the structural reliability of a quasi-natural system—a portion of the Upper Sola River catchment in Poland. As part of this study, methods such as the Fault Tree Method (FTM), Event Tree Method (ETM), Risk Matrix and Ranking Method for assessing hazard, risk and losses connected with the occurrence of such events are suggested to improve flood risk management and enhance the capacity to safeguard against such events by improving current flood protection protocols in accordance with EC Flood Directives. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrologic system; river basin; water resources management; safety; security; reliability; risk; hazard; threat; losses; flood; flooding; extreme events; FTM; ETM; risk matrix; ranking method; upper Sola River; Poland hydrologic system; river basin; water resources management; safety; security; reliability; risk; hazard; threat; losses; flood; flooding; extreme events; FTM; ETM; risk matrix; ranking method; upper Sola River; Poland
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ozga-Zielinski, B.; Adamowski, J.; Ciupak, M. Applying the Theory of Reliability to the Assessment of Hazard, Risk and Safety in a Hydrologic System: A Case Study in the Upper Sola River Catchment, Poland. Water 2018, 10, 723.

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