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Water 2018, 10(5), 595; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050595

Prediction and Optimization of the Fenton Process for the Treatment of Landfill Leachate Using an Artificial Neural Network

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
2
UTM Razak School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia
3
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43600, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2018 / Revised: 25 April 2018 / Accepted: 26 April 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water and Wastewater Treatment)
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Abstract

In this study, the artificial neural network (ANN) technique was employed to derive an empirical model to predict and optimize landfill leachate treatment. The impacts of H2O2:Fe2+ ratio, Fe2+ concentration, pH and process reaction time were studied closely. The results showed that the highest and lowest predicted chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency were 78.9% and 9.3%, respectively. The overall prediction error using the developed ANN model was within −0.625%. The derived model was adequate in predicting responses (R2 = 0.9896 and prediction R2 = 0.6954). The initial pH, H2O2:Fe2+ ratio and Fe2+ concentrations had positive effects, whereas coagulation pH had no direct effect on COD removal. Optimized conditions under specified constraints were obtained at pH = 3, Fe2+ concentration = 781.25 mg/L, reaction time = 28.04 min and H2O2:Fe2+ ratio = 2. Under these optimized conditions, 100% COD removal was predicted. To confirm the accuracy of the predicted model and the reliability of the optimum combination, one additional experiment was carried out under optimum conditions. The experimental values were found to agree well with those predicted, with a mean COD removal efficiency of 97.83%. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial neural network (ANN); chemical oxygen demand (COD); Fenton treatment; landfill leachate; wastewater treatment artificial neural network (ANN); chemical oxygen demand (COD); Fenton treatment; landfill leachate; wastewater treatment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Maslahati Roudi, A.; Chelliapan, S.; Wan Mohtar, W.H.M.; Kamyab, H. Prediction and Optimization of the Fenton Process for the Treatment of Landfill Leachate Using an Artificial Neural Network. Water 2018, 10, 595.

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