Next Article in Journal
Willingness to Pay for Improved Water Services in Mining Regions of Developing Economies: Case Study of a Coal Mining Project in Thar Coalfield, Pakistan
Next Article in Special Issue
The Long-Term Hydrological Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems in Northern Spain: An Approach to the “End-of-Life” Concept
Previous Article in Journal
Longitudinal Dispersion in Straight Open Channels: Anomalous Breakthrough Curves and First-Order Analytical Solution for the Depth-Averaged Concentration
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Particle Size on Sediment Accumulation in Permeable Pavements
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Water 2018, 10(4), 480; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040480

Characterization of the Infiltration Capacity of Porous Concrete Pavements with Low Constant Head Permeability Tests

1
GITECO Research Group, Civil Engineering School, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
2
GCS Research Group, Civil Engineering School, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 14 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Permeable Pavements and Their Role in Sustainable Urban Development)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [34428 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Porous concrete (PC) has been extensively used as a surface layer in permeable pavements. The effectiveness of this material in managing stormwater runoff depends not only on subsurface storage, but on infiltration capacity during rainfall events. A variety of tests have been traditionally used for assessing their infiltration capacity, however, there is still uncertainty about whether these tests produce representative performance results under real conditions. This study aims to propose a methodology based on saturated and unsaturated low constant head (LCH) permeability tests, in order to characterize in detail the infiltration performance of PC materials during storm events and predict their infiltration behavior over time. To this end, three different infiltration tests were performed on PC specimens, both in newly built conditions and after being clogged. These experiments included unsaturated LCH, Laboratorio Caminos Santander (LCS) (one falling head permeameter) and saturated LCH tests. The results achieved were analyzed to describe the infiltration performance of the PC pavements tested. Finally, the correlation between the results obtained from on-site tests and laboratory scale devices was studied, providing the regression equations required to apply the infiltration models developed with easily measurable parameters. Consequently, the outputs of this research showed the suitability of the proposed methodology for assessing the infiltration behavior of PC pavements during storm events. View Full-Text
Keywords: porous concrete; infiltration; clogging; permeable pavements; pervious surfaces; sustainable drainage systems porous concrete; infiltration; clogging; permeable pavements; pervious surfaces; sustainable drainage systems
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Andres-Valeri, V.C.; Juli-Gandara, L.; Jato-Espino, D.; Rodriguez-Hernandez, J. Characterization of the Infiltration Capacity of Porous Concrete Pavements with Low Constant Head Permeability Tests. Water 2018, 10, 480.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top