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Water 2018, 10(4), 465; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040465

New Analysis Method for Continuous Base-Flow and Availability of Water Resources Based on Parallel Linear Reservoir Models

1
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Mathematics, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Geography and Territorial Planning, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Geological Survey of Spain (IGME), C/Manuel Lasala n° 44, 9° B, 50006 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
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Abstract

Water flows in the hydrosphere through a tangled and tortuous labyrinth of ways that is the hydrological cycle. Flow separation models are an attempt to group such complexity of paths into a few components of flow and storage so as to reflect the overall behaviour of a basin. A new method of analysis and separation of flow components, based on equations of dynamic relations between Linear Reservoirs connected in Parallel (PLR models), is developed in this article. A synthesis of models based on mathematical filter equations is carried out in order to make comparisons with the proposed model. Reference is also made to the methodology of adjustment and calibration of the PLR models based on the recession curves of the real hydrographs. The models are tested with the continuous register of a basin located in the northeast of Spain. The simulations are carried out with two reservoir models (2R models), three reservoirs (3R models) and with a mathematical filter model to compare the results. With the results of the models, flow duration curves (FDCs) and storage duration curves (SDCs) were elaborated, thus allowing assessment of the origin of the water resources of the basin, a guarantee of their regulation and availability, the dynamic storage in the catchment, residence times and other features. View Full-Text
Keywords: availability of water resources; base-flow separation; groundwater recharge estimation; analysis of recession curves; PLR models; SHEE software availability of water resources; base-flow separation; groundwater recharge estimation; analysis of recession curves; PLR models; SHEE software
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mateo-Lázaro, J.; Castillo-Mateo, J.; Sánchez-Navarro, J.Á.; Fuertes-Rodríguez, V.; García-Gil, A.; Edo-Romero, V. New Analysis Method for Continuous Base-Flow and Availability of Water Resources Based on Parallel Linear Reservoir Models. Water 2018, 10, 465.

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