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Water 2018, 10(4), 458; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040458

Historical Streamflow Series Analysis Applied to Furnas HPP Reservoir Watershed Using the SWAT Model

1
Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás, Av. Universitária 1.440, Setor Universitário, CEP 74605-010 Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil
2
Eletrobras Furnas, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás, BR153, km 510, Zona Rural, CEP 74923-650 Aparecida de Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil
3
School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
4
Geography, Teacher and Humanities Training School, Pontifical Catholic University of Goiás, Av. Universitária 1.440, Setor Universitário, CEP 74605-010 Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil
5
School of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Federal University of Goiás, Av. Universitária 1488, Setor Universitário, CEP 74605-220 Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 February 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
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Abstract

Over the last few years, the operation of the Furnas Hydropower Plant (HPP) reservoir, located in the Grande River Basin, has been threatened due to a significant reduction in inflow. In the region, hydrological modelling tools are being used and tested to support decision making and water sustainability. In this study, the streamflow was modelled in the area of direct influence of the Furnas HPP reservoir, and the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model performance was verified for studies in the region. Analyses of sensitivity and uncertainty were undertaken using the Sequential Uncertainty Fitting algorithm (SUFI-2) with a Calibration Uncertainty Program (SWAT-CUP). The hydrological modelling, at a monthly scale, presented good results in the calibration (NS 0.86), with a slight reduction of the coefficient in the validation period (NS 0.64). The results suggested that this tool could be applied in future hydrological studies in the region of study. With the consideration that special attention should be given to the historical series used in the calibration and validation of the models. It is important to note that this region has high demands for water resources, primarily for agricultural use. Water demands must also be taken into account in future hydrological simulations. The validation of this methodology led to important contributions to the management of water resources in regions with tropical climates, whose climatological and geological reality resembles the one studied here. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological modelling; hydroelectric reservoir; SWAT model; streamflow hydrological modelling; hydroelectric reservoir; SWAT model; streamflow
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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de Souza Dias, V.; Pereira da Luz, M.; M. Medero, G.; Tarley Ferreira Nascimento, D.; Nunes de Oliveira, W.; Rodrigues de Oliveira Merelles, L. Historical Streamflow Series Analysis Applied to Furnas HPP Reservoir Watershed Using the SWAT Model. Water 2018, 10, 458.

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