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Water 2018, 10(2), 127; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10020127

Consumption of Free Chlorine in an Aqueduct Scheme with Low Protection: Case Study of the New Aqueduct Simbrivio-Castelli (NASC), Italy

1
Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Insubria University of Varese, via G.B. Vico, 46, I-21100 Varese, Italy
2
Laboratory of Chemical and Environmental Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)—FRAM High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment, Hjalmar Johansens gt. 14 NO, 9296 Tromso, Norway
4
Department of Engineering and Environmental Physics, University of Basilicata, via dell’Ateneo Lucano, 10, I-85100 Potenza, Italy
5
Department of Environmental Economics, Ural Federal University, Mira Str., 19, Ekaterinburg 620002, Russia
6
Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, via Mesiano, 77, I-38123 Trento, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 10 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
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Abstract

The safety of high quality drinking water supply relies on the quantities to be delivered, on the complexity of the water supply systems, and on the widespread phenomena of the contamination of water bodies. These parameters indicate the need for the development of an application that will allow the quick acquisition of data on strategic management. This is requires both the analysis of factors related to the hydraulic operation of the plants and the characteristics of water quality. The present paper aims to evaluate the use of models that predict data for water quality in a distribution system. The assessment is made in order to consider the use of the model as a support tool for the management system of a supply network and to optimize the quality of the provided service. The improvement of the control system related to the operations of disinfection, in particular, in the case of long pipelines, is absolutely mandatory in order to ensure the safety of public health and respect for the environment at high levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: free chlorine; water supply; distribution systems; model prediction free chlorine; water supply; distribution systems; model prediction
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Torretta, V.; Tolkou, A.K.; Katsoyiannis, I.A.; Katsoyiannis, A.; Trulli, E.; Magaril, E.; Rada, E.C. Consumption of Free Chlorine in an Aqueduct Scheme with Low Protection: Case Study of the New Aqueduct Simbrivio-Castelli (NASC), Italy. Water 2018, 10, 127.

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