Numerical Computation of Underground Inundation in Multiple Layers Using the Adaptive Transfer Method
AbstractExtreme rainfall causes surface runoff to flow towards lowlands and subterranean facilities, such as subway stations and buildings with underground spaces in densely packed urban areas. These facilities and areas are therefore vulnerable to catastrophic submergence. However, flood modeling of underground space has not yet been adequately studied because there are difficulties in reproducing the associated multiple horizontal layers connected with staircases or elevators. This study proposes a convenient approach to simulate underground inundation when two layers are connected. The main facet of this approach is to compute the flow flux passing through staircases in an upper layer and to transfer the equivalent quantity to a lower layer. This is defined as the ‘adaptive transfer method’. This method overcomes the limitations of 2D modeling by introducing layers connecting concepts to prevent large variations in mesh sizes caused by complicated underlying obstacles or local details. Consequently, this study aims to contribute to the numerical analysis of flow in inundated underground spaces with multiple floors. View Full-Text
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Kim, H.-J.; Rhee, D.S.; Song, C.G. Numerical Computation of Underground Inundation in Multiple Layers Using the Adaptive Transfer Method. Water 2018, 10, 85.
Kim H-J, Rhee DS, Song CG. Numerical Computation of Underground Inundation in Multiple Layers Using the Adaptive Transfer Method. Water. 2018; 10(1):85.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Hyung-Jun; Rhee, Dong S.; Song, Chang G. 2018. "Numerical Computation of Underground Inundation in Multiple Layers Using the Adaptive Transfer Method." Water 10, no. 1: 85.
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