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Atmosphere 2018, 9(7), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9070264

Irradiance Variability Quantification and Small-Scale Averaging in Space and Time: A Short Review

Energy Meteorology Group, Institute of Physics, Oldenburg University, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 15 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Meteorology)
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Abstract

The ongoing world-wide increase of installed photovoltaic (PV) power attracts notice to weather-induced PV power output variability. Understanding the underlying spatiotemporal volatility of solar radiation is essential to the successful outlining and stable operation of future power grids. This paper concisely reviews recent advances in the characterization of irradiance variability, with an emphasis on small spatial and temporal scales (respectively less than about 10 km and 1 min), for which comprehensive data sets have recently become available. Special attention is given to studies dealing with the quantification of variability using such unique data, the analysis and modeling of spatial smoothing, and the evaluation of temporal averaging. View Full-Text
Keywords: irradiance variability; high-resolution measurements; increment statistics irradiance variability; high-resolution measurements; increment statistics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lohmann, G.M. Irradiance Variability Quantification and Small-Scale Averaging in Space and Time: A Short Review. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 264.

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