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Atmosphere 2015, 6(12), 1926-1938; doi:10.3390/atmos6121838

Effect of Nearby Forest Fires on Ground Level Ozone Concentrations in Santiago, Chile

1
Facultad de Quimica y Biologia, Universidad Santiago de Chile, USACH, Av. L. B. O’Higgins 3363, Santiago 9160000, Chile
2
Centro Para el Desarrollo de la Nanociencia y Nanotecnología (CEDENNA-USACH), Santiago 9160000, Chile
3
Facultad de Ciencia, Depto Física, Universidad Santiago de Chile, USACH, Santiago 9160000, Chile
4
Center for Climate and Resilience Research and Department of Geophysics, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 8320000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Armin Sorooshian
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 8 December 2015 / Published: 17 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Composition Observations)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4610 KB, uploaded 17 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

On 4 and 8 January 2014, at the height of the austral summer, intense wildfires in forests and dry pastures occurred in the Melipilla sector, located about 70 km to the southwest of Santiago, the Chilean capital, affecting more than 6 million inhabitants. Low level winds transported the forest fire plume towards Santiago causing a striking decrease in visibility and a marked increase in the concentration of both primary (PM10 and CO) and secondary (Ozone) pollutants in the urban atmosphere. In particular, ozone maximum concentrations in the Santiago basin reached hourly averages well above 80 ppb, the national air quality standard. This ozone increase took place at the three sampling sites considered in the present study. These large values can be explained in terms of high NOx concentrations and NO2/NO ratios in biomass burning emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest fires; urban ozone; pollutants; Santiago of Chile forest fires; urban ozone; pollutants; Santiago of Chile
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rubio, M.A.; Lissi, E.; Gramsch, E.; Garreaud, R.D. Effect of Nearby Forest Fires on Ground Level Ozone Concentrations in Santiago, Chile. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1926-1938.

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