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Genes 2017, 8(9), 236; doi:10.3390/genes8090236

Zebrafish in Translational Cancer Research: Insight into Leukemia, Melanoma, Glioma and Endocrine Tumor Biology

Laboratory of Experimental Cancer Biology, Cibio, University of Trento, Via Sommarive 9, 38123 Trento, Italy
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Received: 14 August 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 14 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zebrafish: The Key for Cancer Treatment)
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Abstract

Over the past 15 years, zebrafish have emerged as a powerful tool for studying human cancers. Transgenic techniques have been employed to model different types of tumors, including leukemia, melanoma, glioblastoma and endocrine tumors. These models present histopathological and molecular conservation with their human cancer counterparts and have been fundamental for understanding mechanisms of tumor initiation and progression. Moreover, xenotransplantation of human cancer cells in embryos or adult zebrafish offers the advantage of studying the behavior of human cancer cells in a live organism. Chemical-genetic screens using zebrafish embryos have uncovered novel druggable pathways and new therapeutic strategies, some of which are now tested in clinical trials. In this review, we will report on recent advances in using zebrafish as a model in cancer studies—with specific focus on four cancer types—where zebrafish has contributed to novel discoveries or approaches to novel therapies. View Full-Text
Keywords: zebrafish; cancers; cancer models; translational research; chemical-genetic screens; transplantation; melanoma; leukemia; glioblastoma; endocrine tumors zebrafish; cancers; cancer models; translational research; chemical-genetic screens; transplantation; melanoma; leukemia; glioblastoma; endocrine tumors
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Idilli, A.I.; Precazzini, F.; Mione, M.C.; Anelli, V. Zebrafish in Translational Cancer Research: Insight into Leukemia, Melanoma, Glioma and Endocrine Tumor Biology. Genes 2017, 8, 236.

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