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Genes 2014, 5(3), 671-683; doi:10.3390/genes5030671

Computational Methods for MicroRNA Target Prediction

Molecular Biology and Genetics Department, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, Vezneciler Fatih, 34134 Istanbul, Turkey
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Received: 29 May 2014 / Revised: 6 August 2014 / Accepted: 14 August 2014 / Published: 22 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue miRNA Regulation)
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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as one of the most important molecules that regulate gene expression in various organisms. miRNAs are short, 21–23 nucleotide-long, single stranded RNA molecules that bind to 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs) of their target mRNAs. In general, they silence the expression of their target genes via degradation of the mRNA or by translational repression. The expression of miRNAs, on the other hand, also varies in different tissues based on their functions. It is significantly important to predict the targets of miRNAs by computational approaches to understand their effects on the regulation of gene expression. Various computational methods have been generated for miRNA target prediction but the resulting lists of candidate target genes from different algorithms often do not overlap. It is crucial to adjust the bioinformatics tools for more accurate predictions as it is equally important to validate the predicted target genes experimentally. View Full-Text
Keywords: miRNA; bioinformatics; target prediction; gene expression regulation; computational methods miRNA; bioinformatics; target prediction; gene expression regulation; computational methods
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Ekimler, S.; Sahin, K. Computational Methods for MicroRNA Target Prediction. Genes 2014, 5, 671-683.

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