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Genes 2011, 2(4), 706-735; doi:10.3390/genes2040706
Review

Involvement of Type IV Pili in Pathogenicity of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

1,* , 1,†
, 2
 and 2
Received: 30 August 2011; in revised form: 8 October 2011 / Accepted: 10 October 2011 / Published: 18 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genes and Genomes of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria)
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Abstract: Type IV pili (T4P) are hair-like appendages found on the surface of a wide range of bacteria belonging to the β-, γ-, and δ-Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria and Firmicutes. They constitute an efficient device for a particular type of bacterial surface motility, named twitching, and are involved in several other bacterial activities and functions, including surface adherence, colonization, biofilm formation, genetic material uptake and virulence. Tens of genes are involved in T4P synthesis and regulation, with the majority of them being generally named pil/fim genes. Despite the multiple functionality of T4P and their well-established role in pathogenicity of animal pathogenic bacteria, relatively little attention has been given to the role of T4P in plant pathogenic bacteria. Only in recent years studies have begun to examine with more attention the relevance of these surface appendages for virulence of plant bacterial pathogens. The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge about T4P genetic machinery and its role in the interactions between phytopathogenic bacteria and their plant hosts.
Keywords: type IV pili; twitching; virulence; biofilm type IV pili; twitching; virulence; biofilm
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Burdman, S.; Bahar, O.; Parker, J.K.; De La Fuente, L. Involvement of Type IV Pili in Pathogenicity of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Genes 2011, 2, 706-735.

AMA Style

Burdman S, Bahar O, Parker JK, De La Fuente L. Involvement of Type IV Pili in Pathogenicity of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Genes. 2011; 2(4):706-735.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Burdman, Saul; Bahar, Ofir; Parker, Jennifer K.; De La Fuente, Leonardo. 2011. "Involvement of Type IV Pili in Pathogenicity of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria." Genes 2, no. 4: 706-735.



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