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Cells 2014, 3(4), 963-980; doi:10.3390/cells3040963

MicroRNAs Regulate Vascular Medial Calcification

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, NRB0630K, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Received: 1 September 2014 / Revised: 24 September 2014 / Accepted: 25 September 2014 / Published: 14 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MicroRNAs in Cardiovascular Biology and Disease)
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Abstract

Vascular calcification is highly prevalent in patients with coronary artery disease and, when present, is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events, including an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. The pathogenesis of vascular calcification is complex and is now recognized to recapitulate skeletal bone formation. Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) play an integral role in this process by undergoing transdifferentiation to osteoblast-like cells, elaborating calcifying matrix vesicles and secreting factors that diminish the activity of osteoclast-like cells with mineral resorbing capacity. Recent advances have identified microRNAs (miRs) as key regulators of this process by directing the complex genetic reprogramming of SMCs and the functional responses of other relevant cell types relevant for vascular calcification. This review will detail SMC and bone biology as it relates to vascular calcification and relate what is known to date regarding the regulatory role of miRs in SMC-mediated vascular calcification. View Full-Text
Keywords: microRNAs; matrix vesicles; osteoclasts; vascular smooth muscle cells; vascular calcification microRNAs; matrix vesicles; osteoclasts; vascular smooth muscle cells; vascular calcification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Leopold, J.A. MicroRNAs Regulate Vascular Medial Calcification. Cells 2014, 3, 963-980.

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